วันศุกร์ที่ 11 กันยายน พ.ศ. 2552

History of Thai Silk

History of Thai Silk
One of the crafts that can well express national culture and creativeness is textiles as these have for quite a long time been indispensable. In Thailand, fabric weaving has been practised since prehistoric times and rural society has regarded it as a women's duty during spare time after work in the fields. The development of both colours and designs of the finished products have been a result of the weavers' own imagination and a long heritage as well as some other factors. In the old days fabrics were a kind of status symbol; there were fabrics for the common people to be used either everyday or on special occasions like merit-making, traditional rituals or important festivities, fabrics for the upper class including the king and the royal family and finally those for the Buddhist monks.

Thai fabrics have a great number of designs, usually distinguished by region. Northern women have been considered very skillful weavers, especially of cotton fabrics. They started by weaving for domestic use and then produced for export as well. It is said that during the twentieth and twenty-first century BE the northern part of Thailand which was known as the Laan Na Kingdom produced many good fabrics for sale in neighbouring states, some of which were Pha Si Chan Khao, Pha Si Chan Daeng, Pha Si Dok Champa etc.. During the Sukhothai Period, about 700 years ago, besides the ordinary coloured ones, a five-colour fabric was produced, commonly known as Pha Benjarong. Different groups of people then produced their own fabrics; court people for example would make fabrics for themselves and ordered some fabrics from abroad. As history has it, silk began to be imported from China during that time. Besides clothing, people began to use fabrics for other purposes such as home decoration (long flags) and other household items (pillows, mattresses, curtains). Fabrics during the Ayudhya Kingdom which was about 400 years ago assumed another important role besides materials for clothing and decoration-they were used as money. They were sometimes given by the king instead of money for rewards and often for the annual remuneration, hence the term Pha Wad Raipee (pha = fabric or cloth, wad = pension raipee = annual).
These were generally special types of fabrics, usually embroidered. Trouser-shaped cloths called Pha Jong krabane, loin cloth or Pha khaoma and women's wraps called Sabai began to appear as daily clothing.At the present time, weaving is done mostly in the northern and north-eastern regions. Their products differ due to the influence of regional beliefs as well as the traditions of minority groups. Northerners like to weave both cotton and silk with raised patterns or yok dok (brocade) whereas north-easterners namely the Lao minority groups prefer producing mudmee fabrics using the ikat or resist dying technique. The Lao Song minority is, however, the exception as their preference is that of the northerners. Fabrics produced locally are grouped into three categories according to their weaving methods: Plain cloths, chintz and brocades.

1 ความคิดเห็น:

  1. Dear My all students,

    I'm sorry that I cannot meet you today as I have to go for a meeting upcountry.
    Here's your assignment for this week. I'd like you all to write your opinion about
    'Thai Heritage' within 150 - 200 words. Due date for the assignment is Friday
    18th September, please submit your works in my mailbox at the faculty office.
    I'll give you 10 points for this work so don't copy from internet or from your friend.
    If I found that anyone who doesn't write the essay on your own, you will lost this
    10 points right away. Be honest! remember.

    Ten points will come from your idea and organization of your message, grammar is not
    the first consideration for me. Try to communicate your idea how do you think about it.
    For the topic 'Thai Heritage', what is the most valuable thing that you've got from our
    Thai ancestors. For example Thai language, Thai music, Thai food, Thai kingdom etc.
    anything that you think it suits to be our nation heritage. Also we all Thai, should be
    pround of that we have it.


    Aj.Kitisuda

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